Risk of IVF

Are there any risks involved in assisted reproduction?

     The techniques and methods of assisted reproduction involve some risks and may have some side effects as well.

Hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
     The hyperstimulation syndrome is an excessive reaction of the ovaries to hormonal stimulation. It is characterized by pain in the lower abdomen, nausea, presence of free fluid in the abdomen and hypertrophy of the ovaries.
     More serious forms of the OHSS accompanied by ionic imbalance, disturbance of blood sedimentation rate or lung exudate always require hospitalized in the Centre of Assisted Reproduction.
     The OHSS prevention includes careful monitoring of hormone levels during stimulation, regular ultrasound checks of the ovaries and individual adjustment of dosage of hormonal preparations destined for stimulation.

Ectopic pregnancy
     It may occur both spontaneously and after artificial fertilization. Its combination with intrauterine pregnancy is uncommon.

Spontaneous abortions
     A pregnancy resulting from an extracorporeal fertilization is a high-risk pregnancy. The incidence of miscarriages is also higher. For that reason, hormonal support at the beginning of pregnancy and regular checks at Ward 16 are necessary.

Multiple pregnancy
     The incidence of multiple pregnancies after the application of assisted reproduction techniques is markedly higher in comparison with the rest of the population. Triple and multiple pregnancies constitute a risk both for the mother and for the foetuses. Transfer of a maximum of three embryos into the uterus is therefore a preventive measure. When micromanipulation techniques are used, we recommend to transfer two embryos only and to freeze the rest of them.





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